Aquaculture Program

Published on AidPage by IDILOGIC on Jun 24, 2005

Administered by:

Purpose of this program:

The development of commercially feasible technology for high-value marine finfish in the United States. The ultimate goal of the Hawaiian Fisheries Development project is to increase the availability of marine finfish for aquaculture and stock enhancement purposed in the U.S., with the secondary goal of promoting the development of a sustainable commercial aquaculture industry for high-value species.

Possible uses and use restrictions...

Establish a consistent source of supply to satisfy the growing market for marine finfish. Funds are appropriated by Congress for the Oceanic Institute.

Who is eligible to apply...

Private nonprofit institution operating for scientific purposes.

Eligible Applicant Categories:
Eligible Functional Categories:

Costs will be determined in accordance with OMB Circular Nos. A-21 for institutions of higher education, A-87 for State and local governments, and A-122 for nonprofit organizations.

Note:This is a brief description of the credentials or documentation required prior to, or along with, an application for assistance.

About this section:

This section indicates who can apply to the Federal government for assistance and the criteria the potential applicant must satisfy. For example, individuals may be eligible for research grants, and the criteria to be satisfied may be that they have a professional or scientific degree, 3 years of research experience, and be a citizen of the United States. Universities, medical schools, hospitals, or State and local governments may also be eligible. Where State governments are eligible, the type of State agency will be indicated (State welfare agency or State agency on aging) and the criteria that they must satisfy.

Certain federal programs (e.g., the Pell Grant program which provides grants to students) involve intermediate levels of application processing, i.e., applications are transmitted through colleges or universities that are neither the direct applicant nor the ultimate beneficiary. For these programs, the criteria that the intermediaries must satisfy are also indicated, along with intermediaries who are not eligible.

How to apply...

Application Procedure:

A standard application package, including SF-424, SF-424a, SF-424b, statement of work, cost justification, drug-free workplace documentation, lobbying documentation, and certification regarding debarment.

Note: Each program will indicate whether applications are to be submitted to the Federal headquarters, regional or local office, or to a State or local government office.

Award Procedure:

Projects approved for funding will be submitted to the NOAA Grants Office for review and approval.

Note: Grant payments may be made by a letter of credit, advance by Treasury check, or reimbursement by Treasury check. Awards may be made by the headquarters office directly to the applicant, an agency field office, a regional office, or by an authorized county office. The assistance may pass through the initial applicant for further distribution by intermediate level applicants to groups or individuals in the private sector.

Deadlines and process...


Completed application package must be received at the following address at least 90 days before the requested start date of the project: National Marine Fisheries Service, Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, 2570 Dole Street, Nonolulu, HI 96822.

Note: When available, this section indicates the deadlines for applications to the funding agency which will be stated in terms of the date(s) or between what dates the application should be received. When not available, applicants should contact the funding agency for deadline information.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

Approval time for awards is expected to range from 90 to 150 days. That includes processing of the award through the NMFS, NOAA Grants and DOC.

Preapplication Coordination

None. This program is excluded from coverage under E.O. 12372.

Note: This section indicates whether any prior coordination or approval is required with governmental or nongovernmental units prior to the submission of a formal application to the federal funding agency.



Note: In some cases, there are no provisions for appeal. Where applicable, this section discusses appeal procedures or allowable rework time for resubmission of applications to be processed by the funding agency. Appeal procedures vary with individual programs and are either listed in this section or applicants are referred to appeal procedures documented in the relevant Code of Federal Regulations (CFR).


This program is expected to be renewed through fiscal year 2005.

Note: In some instances, renewal procedures may be the same as for the application procedure, e.g., for projects of a non-continuing nature renewals will be treated as new, competing applications; for projects of an ongoing nature, renewals may be given annually.

Who can benefit...

The beneficiaries of the aquaculture program would be anyone/general public.

About this section:

This section lists the ultimate beneficiaries of a program, the criteria they must satisfy and who specifically is not eligible. The applicant and beneficiary will generally be the same for programs that provide assistance directly from a Federal agency. However, financial assistance that passes through State or local governments will have different applicants and beneficiaries since the assistance is transmitted to private sector beneficiaries who are not obligated to request or apply for the assistance.

What types of assistance...

Project Grants

The funding, for fixed or known periods, of specific projects. Project grants can include fellowships, scholarships, research grants, training grants, traineeships, experimental and demonstration grants, evaluation grants, planning grants, technical assistance grants, survey grants, and construction grants.

How much financial aid...

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

$439,800 to $869,000. Average: $654,000 per year.

Note: This section lists the representative range (smallest to largest) of the amount of financial assistance available. These figures are based upon funds awarded in the past fiscal year and the current fiscal year to date. Also indicated is an approximate average amount of awards which were made in the past and current fiscal years.


(Grants and Cooperative Agreements) FY 03 actual: $580,900; FY 04 est $517,825; and FY 05 est $517,825.

Note: The dollar amounts listed in this section represent obligations for the past fiscal year (PY), estimates for the current fiscal year (CY), and estimates for the budget fiscal year (BY) as reported by the Federal agencies. Obligations for non-financial assistance programs indicate the administrative expenses involved in the operation of a program.

Account Identification


Note: Note: This 11-digit budget account identification code represents the account which funds a particular program. This code should be consistent with the code given for the program area as specified in Appendix III of the Budget of the United States Government.

Examples of funded projects...

Not applicable.

About this section

This section indicates the different types of projects which have been funded in the past. Only projects funded under Project Grants or Direct Payments for Specified Use should be listed here. The examples give potential applicants an idea of the types of projects that may be accepted for funding. The agency should list at least five examples of the most recently funded projects.

Program accomplishments...

In 2002-2003, the program's research improved production techniques of live foods for rearing fish larvae using Parvocalanus species, a calanoid copepod without a common name, that had been identified as promising in previous years? research. A two-stage system for copepod production was developed using separate nauplius (early life stage) and broodstock production tanks. After experiments with a small, 400 liter, prototype system were successful, it was scaled up to larger 1500 liter and 4000 liter systems useful for mass rearing of fish larvae, resulting in a provisional patent application for these systems. Culture of the Parvocalanus larval food source in outdoor "mesocosm" (semi-natural) tanks was also investigated. Experiments were done using Parvocalanus life-history stages as larval food for flame angelfish, bluefin trevally, and Gulf of Mexico red snapper. Survival rates of trevally and snapper were good, above 10%, but survival of angelfish was less than 1%. Nevertheless, Parvocalanus production for rearing of tropical fish larvae has considerable promise compared to larval foods used by aquaculture in the past. Other research focused on broodstock systems for spawning of flame and Potter's angelfish, popular species in the ornamental aquarium fish trade, and on the effects of diet on broodstock of flame angelfish and of amberjack, a species of considerable interest for offshore aquaculture. Construction of a 19-tank system for spawning of angelfish began and should be used for research in 2004. Experiments on the effects of various foods for spawning pairs of angelfish and for spawning groups of amberjack began. Feeding experiments for the angelfish are preliminary and results should be available in 2004. Feeding experiments for amberjack resulted in mixed results; a raw-food diet resulted in slightly improved growth rates compared to artificial foods, but bacterial infections appeared in fish fed raw foods. Egg production and larval survival resulting from adults fed with both types of food were low, and more research on broodstock foods needs to be done to improve amberjack production. Results of the program's research were presented at several national and international conferences, and several manuscripts are currently in review for publication in scientific journals.

Criteria for selecting proposals...

Original grant initiated by Hawaii's Sen. Daniel Inouye and Rep. Daniel Akaka to enhance the State's seafood production through aquaculture development. The 2001 Department of Commerce Appropriation Bill states that 500K is intended for Hawaii stock management. The intended work is actually a continuing grant, and directs NOAA to expedite the obligation of funds for this initiative. This is a continuing effort, and as is common in multiyear programs, the grantee has invested heavily in the facilities, equipment and specialized staff necessary to assure project success. Award to a competitor would be extremely inefficient and wasteful of Federal and applicant funds already committed to this research. Because of the highly specialized and localized nature of this research no other organization has either the expertise, facilities or historic experimental data needed to complete this project. Therefore, provision of funding to another applicant would certainly result in duplicative, wasteful research and would significantly delay application of research findings to increase the availability of marine finfish for aquaculture and stock enhancement purposes in a sustainable commercial aquaculture industry for high-value species.

Assistance considerations...

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Awards are normally awarded for a 12-month period. Financial status reports are completed and submitted. Funds are released in advance or by reimbursement, as agreed to in the Standard Terms and Conditions document required for each grant.

Formula and Matching Requirements

This program has no statutory formula. Projects are funded at up to 100 percent Federal share.

A formula may be based on population, per capita income, and other statistical factors. Applicants are informed whether there are any matching requirements to be met when participating in the cost of a project. In general, the matching share represents that portion of the project costs not borne by the Federal government. Attachment F of OMB Circular No. A-102 (Office of Management and Budget) sets forth the criteria and procedures for the evaluation of matching share requirements which may be cash or in-kind contributions made by State and local governments or other agencies, institutions, private organizations, or individuals to satisfy matching requirements of Federal grants or loans.

Cash contributions represent the grantees' cash outlay, including the outlay of money contributed to the grantee by other public agencies, institutions, private organizations, or individuals. When authorized by Federal regulation, Federal funds received from other grants may be considered as the grantees' cash contribution.

In-kind contributions represent the value of noncash contributions provided by the grantee, other public agencies and institutions, private organizations or individuals. In-kind contributions may consist of charges for real property and equipment, and value of goods and services directly benefiting and specifically identifiable to the grant program. When authorized by Federal legislation, property purchased with Federal funds may be considered as grantees' in-kind contribution.

Maintenance of effort (MOE) is a requirement contained in certain legislation, regulations, or administrative policies stating that a grantee must maintain a specified level of financial effort in a specific area in order to receive Federal grant funds, and that the Federal grant funds may be used only to supplement, not supplant, the level of grantee funds.

Post assistance requirements...


Semiannual progress and financial reports are due 30 days after each calendar half. An annual report is due 90 days after each award period.

Note: This section indicates whether program reports, expenditure reports, cash reports or performance monitoring are required by the Federal funding agency, and specifies at what time intervals (monthly, annually, etc.) this must be accomplished.


In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No. A-133 (Revised, June 24, 1997), recipients that are States, Local Governments, Nonprofit Organizations, nonfederal entities that receive financial assistance of $300,000 a year or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $300,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in Circular No. A-133.

Note: This section discusses audits required by the Federal agency. The procedures and requirements for State and local governments and nonprofit entities are set forth in OMB Circular No. A-133. These requirements pertain to awards made within the respective State's fiscal year - not the Federal fiscal year, as some State and local governments may use the calendar year or other variation of time span designated as the fiscal year period, rather than that commonly known as the Federal fiscal year (from October 1st through September 30th).


All financial and programmatic records, supporting documents statistical reports, and other records of grantees or subgrantees are required to be retained in accordance with provisions of 15 CFR Part 14 for institutions of higher education or other nonprofit organizations, and with 15 CFR Part 24 for State and local governments from the date of the financial report. Generally, a recipient is required to retain records relating to a particular grant for three (3) years from the date of submission of the final financial report. In cases where litigation, claim or an audit is initiated prior to expiration of the three-year period, records must be retained until the action and resolution of any issues associated with it are complete or until the end of the three-year retention period; whichever is latest.

Note: This section indicates the record retention requirements and the type of records the Federal agency may require. Not included are the normally imposed requirements of the General Accounting Office. For programs falling under the purview of OMB Circular No. A-102, record retention is set forth in Attachment C. For other programs, record retention is governed by the funding agency's requirements.



16 U.S.C. 758b; Executive Order No. 13,089.

Note: This section lists the legal authority upon which a program is based (acts, amendments to acts, Public Law numbers, titles, sections, Statute Codes, citations to the U.S. Code, Executive Orders, Presidential Reorganization Plans, and Memoranda from an agency head).

Regulations, Guidelines, And Literature

Pacific Island Fisheries Science Center: Bruce Mundy, Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, 2570 Dole Street, Honolulu, HI 96822. Telephone: (808) 983-5374. Fax: (808) 983-2902. Email:

Contact information...

Web Sites
Regional Or Local Office

Pacific Island Fisheries Science Center: Bruce Mundy, Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, 2570 Dole Street, Honolulu, HI 96822. Telephone: (808) 983-5374. Fax: (808) 983-2902. Email:

Note: This section lists the agency contact person, address and telephone number of the Federal Regional or Local Office(s) to be contacted for detailed information regarding a program such as: (1) current availability of funds and the likelihood of receiving assistance within a given period; (2) pre-application and application forms required; (3) whether a pre-application conference is recommended; (4) assistance available in preparation of applications; (5) whether funding decisions are made at the headquarters, regional or local level; (6) application renewal procedures (including continuations and supplementals) or appeal procedures for rejected applications; and (7) recently published program guidelines and material. However, for most federal programs, this section will instruct the reader to consult the so-called Appendix IV of the Catalog due to the large volume of Regional and Local Office Contacts for most agencies. This information is provided in Additional Contact Information (see below).

Headquarters Office

Not applicable.

Note: This section lists names and addresses of the office at the headquarters level with direct operational responsibility for managing a program. A telephone number is provided in cases where a Regional or Local Office is not normally able to answer detailed inquiries concerning a program. Also listed are the name(s) and telephone number(s) of the information contact person(s) who can provide additional program information to applicants.

Additional Contact Information (Appendix IV)

Due to the large volume of regional and local office contacts for most agencies, full contact information is also provided separately here in a PDF format: